How To Add Prettier and ESLint Automation to a React Codebase

Automated code quality with GitHub Actions, Husky, Lint-staged, Prettier, and ESLint #react #javascript #webdev

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"Civilization advances by extending the number of important operations which we can perform without thinking about them." — Alfred North Whitehead

I've just implemented Prettier + ESLint on my React codebase at work and figured I'd better share my notes in case others need to figure this out.

My setup includes:

  • See lint violations inline in VSCode
  • Prettify after PR merge with GitHub actions
  • Prettify before git commit (some folks dislike this)
  • Ability to manually run checks locally

Even if you use TypeScript, you'll want BOTH Prettier and ESLint in your codebase. Prettier doesn't always do what you mean and ESLint checks things that Prettier doesn't. For historical reasons, this codebase doesn't use TypeScript, don't @ me, my love for TypeScript is well documented.

Step 1: Dependencies

yarn add -D eslint eslint-plugin-react husky lint-staged prettier

# or npm i -D eslint eslint-plugin-react husky lint-staged prettier

as of time of writing these are the versions I am working with:

{
  "devDependencies": {
    "eslint": "^7.27.0",
    "eslint-plugin-react": "^7.23.2",
    "husky": "^6.0.0",
    "lint-staged": "^11.0.0",
    "prettier": "^2.3.0"
  }
}

Note that this setup requires more work if you using Husky v6 with Yarn 2.

Step 2: Scripts

add stuff to package.json...

{
  "scripts": {  
    "format": "prettier --write .",
    "prepare": "husky install"
  },
  "lint-staged": {
    "**/*": "prettier --write --ignore-unknown"
  },
}

You can now run npm run format to prettify your existing codebase as a oneoff.

In case you were wondering:

  • Husky adds a git commit hook so that...
  • Lint-staged only runs Prettier on new stuff that you stage in git

Step 3: Prettier Settings

Commence bikeshedding! Use the Prettier Playground to decide on what settings your team wants.

Put this in .prettierrc.json

{
    "arrowParens": "always",
    "bracketSpacing": false,
    "embeddedLanguageFormatting": "auto",
    "htmlWhitespaceSensitivity": "css",
    "insertPragma": false,
    "jsxBracketSameLine": false,
    "jsxSingleQuote": false,
    "printWidth": 80,
    "proseWrap": "preserve",
    "quoteProps": "as-needed",
    "requirePragma": false,
    "semi": true,
    "singleQuote": false,
    "tabWidth": 2,
    "trailingComma": "es5",
    "useTabs": false,
  } 

Step 4: ESLint

You know you gotta...

module.exports = {
    "env": {
        "browser": true,
        "es2021": true,
        "node": true
    },
    "extends": [
        "eslint:recommended",
        "plugin:react/recommended"
    ],
    "parserOptions": {
        "ecmaFeatures": {
            "jsx": true
        },
        "ecmaVersion": 12,
        "sourceType": "module"
    },
    "plugins": [
        "react"
    ],
    "rules": {
        "react/prop-types": [0, {}], // this is dumb, why is this still recommended
        "react/no-unescaped-entities": [0, {}],
        "no-unused-vars": [1, {}],
    }
};

Recommended: also enable the ESLint VSCode plugin to see the eslint feedback in your editor!!!

Step 5: Automate

We'll just add a nifty little GitHub Action in .github/workflows/autoformat.yml:

name: Continuous Integration

# This action works with pull requests and pushes
on:
  pull_request:
  push:
    branches:
      - master

jobs:
  prettier:
    runs-on: ubuntu-latest

    steps:
      - name: Checkout
        uses: actions/checkout@v2
        with:
          # Make sure the actual branch is checked out when running on pull requests
          ref: ${{ github.head_ref }}

      - name: Prettify code
        uses: creyD/prettier_action@v3.3
        with:
          # This part is also where you can pass other options, for example:
          prettier_options: --write **/*.{js,md}
        env:
          GITHUB_TOKEN: ${{ secrets.GITHUB_TOKEN }}

That's it!

Disclosures: I just did this as of May 2021 so your mileage may vary

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